Tuesday, February  15, 2022

Rocky Moretti  202.262.0714 (cell)
Carolyn Bonifas Kelly 703.801.9212 (cell)

Click here for the full report, news conference recording, infographics and video interview footage with report authors.


Bowling Green, KY – Roads and bridges that are deteriorated, congested or lack some desirable safety features cost Kentucky motorists a total of $4.7 billion statewide annually – $1,521 per driver in the Bowling Green urban area – due to higher vehicle operating costs, traffic crashes and congestion-related delays. Increased investment in transportation improvements at the local, state and federal levels could relieve traffic congestion, improve road, bridge and transit conditions, boost safety, and support long-term economic growth in Kentucky, according to a new report released today by TRIP, a Washington, DC based national transportation research nonprofit.

The TRIP report, Kentucky Transportation by the Numbers: Meeting the State’s Need for Safe, Smooth and Efficient Mobility,” finds that throughout Kentucky, more than one quarter of major locally and state-maintained roads are in poor or mediocre condition, seven percent of locally and state-maintained bridges (20 feet or more in length) are rated poor/structurally deficient, and the state has the fourth highest rate of traffic fatalities in the nation. Kentucky’s major urban roads are congested, causing significant delays and choking commuting and commerce. The TRIP report includes statewide and regional pavement and bridge conditions, congestion data, highway safety data, and cost breakdowns for the Bowling Green, Lexington, Louisville, Northern Kentucky and Owensboro urban areas.

Driving on roads in the Bowling Green urban area costs the average driver $1,521 per year in the form of extra vehicle operating costs (VOC) as a result of driving on roads in need of repair, lost time and fuel due to congestion-related delays, and the costs of traffic crashes in which the lack of adequate roadway safety features, while not the primary factor, likely were a contributing factor. A breakdown of the costs per motorist in the state’s largest urban areas, along with a statewide total, is below.

The TRIP report finds that 13 percent of major locally and state-maintained roads in the Bowling Green urban area are in poor or mediocre condition, costing the average motorist an additional $170 each year in extra vehicle operating costs, including accelerated vehicle depreciation, additional repair costs, and increased fuel consumption and tire wear. Statewide, seven percent of Kentucky’s major roads are in poor condition and 21 percent are in mediocre condition.

“It’s easy to see from this report why Kentucky needs further investment in our roads and bridges across the Commonwealth,” said John Cox, director of public affairs at the Kentucky Chamber of Commerce. “One of the Kentucky Chamber’s top priorities for the past five years has been to secure additional infrastructure investments at the state level, because better roads and bridges lead to more investment and better opportunities in the state. We will continue to advocate for better infrastructure, as we cannot afford to fall further behind our neighboring states.”

In the Bowling Green urban area, five percent of bridges are rated poor/structurally deficient, with significant deterioration to the bridge deck, supports or other major components. Statewide, seven percent of Kentucky’ bridges are rated poor/structurally deficient.

Traffic congestion in the Bowling Green urban area causes 34 annual hours of delay for the average motorist and costs the average driver $788 annually in lost time and wasted fuel. The average Bowling Green driver wastes 17 gallons of fuel each year due to traffic congestion. Statewide, drivers lose $1.8 billion annually as a result of lost time and wasted fuel due to traffic congestion. Due to the Covid-19 pandemic, vehicle travel in Kentucky dropped by as much as 36 percent in April 2020 compared to vehicle travel during the same month the previous year, but rebounded to four percent above November 2019 levels by November 2021.

“Adequate transportation funding is critical for Kentucky’s counties,” said Jim Henderson, executive director and CEO of the Kentucky Association of Counties. “Counties maintain over 50 percent of the public road miles and own a third of the bridges across the Commonwealth. Never has it been more important to invest in our transportation infrastructure.”

Traffic crashes in Kentucky claimed the lives 3,833 people between 2015 and 2019. Kentucky’s overall traffic fatality rate of 1.48 fatalities per 100 million vehicle miles of travel in 2019 is the fourth highest in the U.S. and significantly higher than the national average of 1.11.  In the Bowling Green urban area, on average, 30 people were killed in traffic crashes each year from 2015 to 2019. The financial impact of traffic crashes in which the lack of adequate roadway safety features, while not the primary factor, were likely a contributing factor was an average of $563 annually per each Bowling Green area driver.

Improvements to Kentucky’s roads, highways and bridges are funded by local, state and federal governments.  The level of Kentucky Transportation Cabinet highway investment is likely to increase further as a result of the five-year federal Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act (IIJA), signed into law in November 2021, which will provide $5.1 billion for road, highway and bridge investment in Kentucky over the next five years, including a 35 percent funding increase in FY 2022, resulting in approximately an additional $300 million annually in road, highway and bridge funding in Kentucky. The additional federal highway funds available in Kentucky will partially offset the significant drop in revenue from Kentucky’s variable state motor fuel tax, which, in 2015, dropped from 32.5 cents per gallon to 26 cents per gallon, resulting in a loss of revenue of approximately $1.2 billion since 2015.

“A budget surplus and federal funding from the IIJA will help to compensate for the lost investment we have suffered over the years due to a decline in motor fuel tax revenue,” said Jennifer Kirchner, executive director of Kentuckians for Better Transportation. “It will also add to Kentucky Transportation Cabinet’s diligent efforts to stretch available funding. But as we see in the TRIP data, the reality remains that same. We have made little progress and revenues remain flat. Our geographical location in the US delivers tremendous opportunity to be a logistics nexus. But only with deliberate investment.”

The efficiency and condition of Kentucky’ transportation system, particularly its highways, is critical to the health of the state’s economy. Annually, $587 billion in goods are shipped to and from Kentucky, relying heavily on the state’s network of roads and bridges. Increasingly, companies are looking at the quality of a region’s transportation system when deciding where to re-locate or expand. Regions with congested or poorly maintained roads may see businesses relocate to areas with a smoother, more efficient and more modern transportation system. The design, construction and maintenance of transportation infrastructure in Kentucky supports approximately 47,000 full-time jobs across all sectors of the state economy. Approximately 907,000 full-time jobs in Kentucky in key industries like tourism, retail sales, agriculture and manufacturing are dependent on the quality, safety and reliability of the state’s transportation infrastructure network.

“Additional federal funding from the IIJA will allow Kentucky to move forward with needed improvements to its transportation network that will make the state’s roads and bridges smoother, safer and more efficient while boosting the economy and creating jobs,” said Dave Kearby, TRIP’s executive director. “In addition to the federal investment, it will be critical that Kentucky continue to increase its level of transportation investment.”